Baths and hydrotherapy
Pearl bath – main procedure
This is a bath in thermal water with a temperature of 37 – 38 °C. A pearl bath has a beneficial effect on the human body. Micro-massage of the skin causes better perfusion and general relaxation of the body. It has a slightly sedative effect, which has a positive impact on insomnia, neurosis and psychosomatic diseases. The bath releases muscular tension and therefore it is efficiently used for treatment of the locomotive system
Carbon dioxide bath – main procedure
This is a bath in mineral thermal water with a temperature of 32 – 35 °C filled by CO₂. Absorption of CO2 causes a significant improvement of skin perfusion, decreases heart rate and blood pressure.
Dry carbon dioxide bath – main procedure
This procedure fully uses the positive effect of carbon dioxide on peripheral circulation of the body. A patient lies in a hermetic plastic pack that is filled with approximately 125 l of gas. In the course of the procedure an increase in the content of CO2 in the skin occurs which leads to dilation of all blood vessels and increase of the content of oxygen in the blood as well. It is recommended for treatment of cardiovascular diseases, lymphatic edemas, and skin injury and to suppress rheumatoid disorders. Increased perfusion of muscles and organs including the brain causes consolidation of the nervous system, improvement of the vegetative nervous system and general consolidation of the immune system.
Complete whirpool bath – main procedure
This is a special type of underwater massage using jets located at the bottom and round the whole bath-tube. Effects of the thermal mineral water (36 – 38 °C) and soft muscle massage by the water jets lead to a better blood circulation in the whole organism, ease of muscular spasm and the softening of pain in the locomotive system. It is suitable for patients operated on, injuries of the locomotive system and muscular atrophy.
Whirlpool bath of the lower/ upper limbs – supplementary procedure
This is a bath of the lower/upper limbs in thermal water with a temperature of 36 – 38 °C. Massage of the skin by means of swirling of water increases skin perfusion and warming of tissues. This supports the increased elimination of waste products from the body. Regular baths lead to a release of muscular tension. The procedure has an analgesic effect.
Kneipp path – supplementary procedure
The Kneipp path, which is a part of the Kneipp hydroteraphy, has very beneficial effects on the improvement of blood supply to the lower extremities, reduces swelling of the lower extremities, reduces incipient varicose veins, and helps with headache and migraine conditions. It involves an active movement in the circuit containing warm water (35 – 40 °C) and cold water (10 – 15 °C). It is recommended to do a stork walk on the circuit. To achieve the required effect, which is strengthening of the blood vessel walls by their alternating dilation in warm water and contraction in cold water, the cycle should be repeated at least 10 times. If you want to take a rest after the procedure, you will finish in warm water. If you want to continue with a sauna, then the procedure will finish in cold water. After completion of the procedure, it is recommended to rub the extremities with a terry cloth towel.
Four-chambered galvanic bath (hydrogalvan) – supplementary procedure
It is a method which combines the effects of galvanic (DC) current with the effects of warm water, hydrostatic pressure and hydrostatic uplift. The bath is performed in the system which consists of two water trays for the upper limbs and two water trays for the lower limbs. The operating assistant fills the bath with water which is 38 °C warm. The patient sits comfortably down on a chair as prescribed by the physician so that the upper limbs were inserted into the upper water trays and the lower limbs are put in the lower water trays. Electric current enters evenly the entire submerged surface and produces an active blood flow, causes improvement of the tissue metabolism, reduction of swelling and alleviation of pain. Therefore, the procedure should be prescribed in blood circulation disorders of the limbs, impaired innervation, posttraumatic conditions or rheumatologic indications.
It is not suitable in patients with pacemakers and joint replacements.
General water peloid bath (peloid bath) – main procedure
A bath from the local natural upland peat mixed with spring water of 38 °C. After that, the client is assisted when he or she gets out from the bath which is followed by a slightly hyperthermic cleansing shower and total dry body wrap. The human organism is slowly and carefully heated and the heat acts also on the internal organs which are deeply located. The pressure effect of peloidotherapy is significant in the general peloid bath. The pressure expels blood and lymph from the lower limbs. This effect is relatively beneficial but it compresses the abdominal and chest cavity at the same time with a possible undesirable effect on cardio-respiration. However, the effect is unambiguous during the treatment of the locomotive apparatus – increase of the range of movement and alleviation of pain in degenerative joint conditions and degenerative spinal diseases.
Hydro-acupuncture – main procedure
This popular procedure is based on the improvement of perfusion and warming of a given part of the body. Therefore, it is often prescribed for treatment of locomotive system diseases. It is a kind of underwater massage using water streams from jets located at the bottom of the hydro-acupuncture bath. The whole procedure is controlled automatically with a possibility of setting some parameters (thermal water temperature between 36 – 38 °C, body parts which are to receive massage, procedure time).
Scottish spraying (jets) – supplementary procedure
This stimulation procedure applies warm and cold applications and also mechanical stimulation of skin by means of jets. Perfusion of the lower and upper limbs causes reduction of muscle pain with degenerative locomotive system diseases, as well as in functional perfusion disorders of the lower and upper limbs.